How to determine hair type

Hair type is defined by genetic factors, so every person has its own shape, color and hair structure features. To correctly pick up hair care for curls and make them irresistible, you need to understand their individual characteristics and needs.

How to determine hair type: the hair structure
The only thing that brings together different types of locks is the hair structure: it consists of a root and a stem. The hair root is located in the dermal layer of the head skin, in the hair sac – this is a hair follicle (hair bulb). Through blood vessels nutrients get into the hair bulb, special muscle provides mobility and sebaceous glands produce secretion to lubricate the hair.
How external part of hair will look like depends directly on the work of the sebaceous glands: if the amount of hair fat is normal, the hair will be soft and shiny; if a little – dry and dull; if in excess – too greasy.

How to determine hair type: what determines the hair density
The number of hair follicles in the head skin is genetically programmed, and we cannot significantly impact on this fact. Just imagine that nature laid 1 million follicles, but only 100-150 thousand are developed and turned into hair.
How many follicles will actively develop depends on the sex, age and nationality. Scientists determined even the relationship between the amount of hair (density) and their natural color:
• blondes – 150 thousand of actively developing hair follicles;
• brunettes – 100 thousand;
• redheads – only 80 thousand.

How to determine hair type: what affects the hair growth
Hair has its own life cycle. Each person has his own hair and it depends on age, nutrition, care, ecology, metabolism and, of course, of heredity. And the frequency of haircuts, contrary to popular belief, cannot accelerate hair growth intensity.
• active strong growth (in children – 13 mm per month, in adults – 15 mm per month, in the elderly – 11 mm per month);
• transition phase;
• ground state and hair loss.

If the head skin is healthy and hair bulb gets all necessary nutrients, then the phase of active growth of hair lasts from two to seven years. Then the nutrients stop getting to hair, so it stops growing and falls out. It is normal condition of hair, when at the same time actively grow 85% and only 1% falls out. When hair follicles are healthy, after old hair falls out, a new cycle of development of hair starts and curls do not lose its density. This process is repeated throughout life, but with age the hair growth cycle is shortened, they become thinner and lose its pigmentation.

Types of hair structure
The hair structure (i.e. thickness) is defined by the shape and size of the hair follicles. It is determined by race and different genetic factors.
1. Thick hair looks strong, heavy and bulky. Most frequently the owners of thick hair tell that it is hard for them to “subjugate their locks: style them as they want, and to pin-curl them. Moreover, such hair under its own weight quite quickly acquires their natural position – they are straightened.
2. The average thickness of hair is the most docile and pleasant care type of hair structure. Most haircuts fit to the owners of such hair, styling is kept long. Hair is flexible and easily painted in the desired color, hardy to perming and blow-out.
3. Thin hair often upset their owners by lack of hair volume. Even if a lot of hair follicles due to the intricacies of the curls, they seem rare. Such hair is brittle, often inclined to the split-ends, need regular moisturizing.

Hair styles by shape
To find out what is your hair type due to the shape – just take a look in the mirror. Hair shape depends on the structure of keratin in their make-up, as well as the location of the hair follicle in the head skin layers. For instance, straight hair is perpendicular to the skin, wavy – have a slight curve, and curly – S-shaped. Then, you cannot change the shape of your hair once and for all life – you can apply only the interim means.
1. Straight hair (they are called smooth) lay down smoothly and without creases.
2. Wavy hair lay down with a small wave. They are soft, it is easy to style them: to straighten or to pin-curl stronger.
3. Curly hair usually forms tight spirals. They look bulky and thick. It is difficult to “tame” them, as they can easily return to the natural form.

Also we know other type of hairs:
– Oiliness
– Dry
– Normal
– Greasy
– Combined hair type

See more information about hair type on WikiHow.

How to treat nail fungus on feet

One of the most common diseases today is a fungus on his feet. Occurs defeat fungus called “red trihofiton”of the human foot and nail. As a result of the disease in the human body accumulates noxious toxins that appear at reproduction and growth of pathogenic fungi. These substances are carried by the bloodstream throughout the body, there is deterioration the metabolism and increase the body’s sensitivity to various adverse external factors. Causes are injury to the legs, bruises, calluses and cuts. The high probability of infection when using washcloths, sponges, rugs and other items of daily use. With the same frequency can infect with fungus in crowded places: on the beach, in the sauna and bath.

Symptoms of nail fungus on my feet

fungiGenerally fungus infection usually begins with the fact that the patient feels dryness and peeling feet, itch and redness, change the shape and color of the nails. Appear bands of yellow color spots, fingernails become cracked, brittle, lose their color. Nails crumble, there are voids.

In the initial stages can applied gels and ointments. But if the fungus has already caught your nails, then it is time to urgently seek a dermatologist! Note also that fungal infections (mycosis) can complicate psoriasis or eczema that more should motivate you to visit a doctor. Basically symptoms of the disease depend on the type of mycosis:

  • Vesicular type – defeat begins with the bottom of the foot. Appear small distention and blisters with fluid.
  • Membranous type. The disease is characterized by localization between the little finger and the penultimate toe of foot. On the skin of visible flakes and cracks, perhaps even more obvious skin lesions to the accession bacterial infection.
  • Mokasinopodobny type. Mycosis begins with the heel and sole of the foot. Manifested by pain and thickening of the skin, cracks occur.

Treatment of nail fungus on the legs

For successful treatment of mycosis must determine the fungus-pathogen of the skin, as well as the degree of pathology. Otherwise, even the most expensive drug therapy is not able to give a result. Medications with high fat content are well suited for dry skin appearance; sole better handle ointment and interdigital spaces lubricated suspensions. To cure the fungus on the nails, you can use varnish. Topical preparations are usually combined with systemic. This is necessary because it is only way to achieve a successful recovery. If you notice on skin of nails less than 50% fungal lesions, to cope with the disease, you can use ointments – Amorolfine, Lamisil, Nizoral, Zalain and Candide. They are used twice daily, morning and evening. After 2 weeks it is necessary to change the ointment. Drugs of systemic effect  such as Lamisil, Exoderil, Orungal, Griseofulvin, Nizoral Mikosisit and Nizoral is suitable in the case where the fungus struck more than 50% of the nail plate. However, their will need to use under constant medical supervision, because many systemic means quite dangerous. Before the start of systemic treatment is necessary to remove the affected nails.

Treatment of fungal toenails folk remedies:

  • Washing powder. One-hundred grams of the powder is dissolved in hot water. Keep feet in this composition until symptoms disappear. Then continue with treatment for three days.
  • Hydrogen peroxide. To start must to steam nails in a solution of soda (a teaspoon of baking soda per gallon of water). After that can use wool which is impregnated with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and applied to the desired portion of the nail for 45-60 minutes. In order to avoid evaporation and effective process, the foot should roll up in a plastic bag. You can read more about this method.
  • Cut the cloves in half, dip it in salt and give it a rub the sore spot.
  • Add in one glass of water a tablespoon of pharmacy ammonia. Next, take a cotton cloth, dip it in solution and wrap the foot at night in the form of a compress.
  • Soda prevents the spread of infection. Take a soda; dilute it with water, received gruel put on the wound on 20 minutes. Then rinse with warm water feet, powder the powder.
  • Boric acid. Good steam to feet. Next, sprinkle dry powder of this acid on foot. Wear socks at night. Repeat 8-10 times this procedure.
  • A mixture of iodine, glycerol, vinegar essenceand water. All this is mixed in a ratio of 1: 2 (water). Made with a mixture then polish legs at night. Repeat about ten times.
  • If you are worried about the initial stage of the fungus between the toes, put within 14 days of cotton swabs in the interdigital spaces at night.
  • Apply the pulp of this vegetable to the affected places.
  • Must take a bit of chamomile, peppermint, sage and nettle. Dried herbs thoroughly mix and put in a sock. Socks with the contents change daily.


  • Do not walk barefoot on infected surfaces. Taking a shower in the swimming pool, a dormitory, a gym, be sure to wear rubber slippers.
  • Do not visit the swimming pool and sauna with damaged skin.
  • Purchase only high-quality, comfortable shoes from leather, suede, fabric. It should not squeeze your foot.
  • Tools manicure, pedicure carefully processed. Do not use stranger’s socks, stockings, slippers, towels.
  • Every day must change tights, socks, stockings.
  • Feet should be washed 2 times a day – morning and evening. Be sure to wipe dry with a clean cloth.
  • Watch your health as a whole. Consume a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals; eat fresh summer fruits, berries and vegetables, vitamins.
  • Mycosis appears in diabetes, varicose veins. Must pass the diagnostics for eliminate the underlying disease. Then cure mycosis will be much easier.

Means against dandruff

Treatment of dandruff becomes vital when the update process of the scalp cells rapidly accelerates, resulting in new skin cells do not have time to fully become solid, stick together and peel off in the form of visible flakes. This may be conventional dandruff, or a symptom of diseases such as seborrhea, psoriasis, pityriasis versicolor and others. Therefore, treatment of dandruff must always begin with a physical exam.

Means for treatment of dandruff

To treat dandruff first thing used medical shampoos, which include substances with a specific mechanism of action. Most often, the active substance has antifungal effect, because the excess sebum at seborrhea is a favorable condition for reproduction of fungi, under the influence whose renewal cells of the epidermis accelerates.

Rarely used for the treatment of dandruff shampoos that can directly inhibit the growth of cells the epidermis and containing substances such as salts zinc and selenium, sulfur. There are shampoos, that well remove excess sebum and reduce its production, which is important in the treatment of dandruff as a symptom of seborrhea and psoriasis. They contain tar or pitch obtained in the processing of coal. Shampoos for the treatment of dandruff new generation contain Ichthyol sodium (distillate of shale oil) and special complexes; increases blood circulation in the epidermis and improve the nutrition of hair bulbs. They generally do not contain dyes and preservatives, and so do not cause contact allergy and local irritation. The treatment of dandruff to medical shampoos takes about a few months.

What is the treatment of dandruff?

The treatment of dandruff consists in applying keratolytic means which promote exfoliation the flakes of stratum corneum, such as 10% sulfuric ointment – rubbing it into the scalp for a few days. With an increased sebaceous excretions recommend within a month to rub into the scalp, 60% sodium thiosulfate solution, 2% salicylic acid, an alcoholic solution of Naftalan oil, sulsenovuyu paste and so on. The treatment of dandruff necessarily taking place at a normalization of food – limiting consumption of fried, sharp, spicy, fatty and sweet. All this intensifies the synthesis of sebum. A ration enriched products which rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, and B6 and contain coarse cellulose, which normalizes the process of digestion, absorbs toxins. The cause of dandruff may be too dry scalp due to lack of moisture in the epidermis. In this case it is sufficient to restore normal water balance in the organism that scalp is ceased to be dry – drink more simple clean water of room temperature water (mineral, spring or melted). Of the physiotherapeutic methods in treatment of dandruff are widely used cryomassage liquid nitrogen and darsonvalization scalp that it is expedient to carry out till infriction keratolytic means.

Cryomassage of scalp causes narrowing of blood vessels with subsequent expansion of capillaries, that greatly enhances the flow of blood to the site of impact, as a result improved the supply of hair bulbs. The remedies inflicted after sessions cryomassage, have a strong impact. Darsonvalization scalp founded on the impact of pulsed sinusoidal currents of the high-frequency and voltage, and low power. Darsonvalization carried with using a pectinate vacuum the electrode, which combs the hair of the smooth movements. This results by irritation of the skin, which causing a reflex effect on circulation of the blood, metabolism and vascular tone. As a result, darsonvalization has anti-inflammatory, resolving, disinfectant and cautery effect.

The folk natural remedies against dandruff

Natural herbal remedies are often very effective in the treatment of dandruff:

  • At oily dandruff and loss of the hair helpful lubricate the scalp 2-3 times per week the alcohol tincture of calendula. To the head wrapped with a towel and hold for 30 minutes. Then head wash with warm water.
  • The tablespoon of dry powdered nettle pour a glass of boiling water, to insist day, strain. The obtained infusion rubbed into the scalp no less 2 times per week for 2 months. It is best to carry out the procedure for the night, do not rinse the hair.
  • Fermented milk products – yogurt, kefir, whey – thickly smear the hair from root to tip, gently rubbing into the scalp. Leave on for 30 minutes, then rinse head the warm water head with mustard (a tablespoon of dry mustard to 1 liter of water). Helps to cope with dandruff the burdock oil. It can be purchased in a pharmacy or prepare themselves: a tablespoon of chopped roots the burdock pour a glass of any vegetable oil, better refined, mix. Infuse the mixture for no fewer 2 weeks in a dark place at room temperature, drain. Rubbed into the scalp for 1 hour before shampooing 2-3 times a week for three months. Most often, as a result of the application, even minimal effort, dandruff goes away. But if the treatment of dandruff does not work for a long time, required mandatory consultation of the doctor – dermatologist.