Treatment of dandruff becomes vital when the update process of the scalp cells rapidly accelerates, resulting in new skin cells do not have time to fully become solid, stick together and peel off in the form of visible flakes. This may be conventional dandruff, or a symptom of diseases such as seborrhea, psoriasis, pityriasis versicolor and others. Therefore, treatment of dandruff must always begin with a physical exam.
Means for treatment of dandruff
To treat dandruff first thing used medical shampoos, which include substances with a specific mechanism of action. Most often, the active substance has antifungal effect, because the excess sebum at seborrhea is a favorable condition for reproduction of fungi, under the influence whose renewal cells of the epidermis accelerates.
Rarely used for the treatment of dandruff shampoos that can directly inhibit the growth of cells the epidermis and containing substances such as salts zinc and selenium, sulfur. There are shampoos, that well remove excess sebum and reduce its production, which is important in the treatment of dandruff as a symptom of seborrhea and psoriasis. They contain tar or pitch obtained in the processing of coal. Shampoos for the treatment of dandruff new generation contain Ichthyol sodium (distillate of shale oil) and special complexes; increases blood circulation in the epidermis and improve the nutrition of hair bulbs. They generally do not contain dyes and preservatives, and so do not cause contact allergy and local irritation. The treatment of dandruff to medical shampoos takes about a few months.
What is the treatment of dandruff?
The treatment of dandruff consists in applying keratolytic means which promote exfoliation the flakes of stratum corneum, such as 10% sulfuric ointment – rubbing it into the scalp for a few days. With an increased sebaceous excretions recommend within a month to rub into the scalp, 60% sodium thiosulfate solution, 2% salicylic acid, an alcoholic solution of Naftalan oil, sulsenovuyu paste and so on. The treatment of dandruff necessarily taking place at a normalization of food – limiting consumption of fried, sharp, spicy, fatty and sweet. All this intensifies the synthesis of sebum. A ration enriched products which rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, and B6 and contain coarse cellulose, which normalizes the process of digestion, absorbs toxins. The cause of dandruff may be too dry scalp due to lack of moisture in the epidermis. In this case it is sufficient to restore normal water balance in the organism that scalp is ceased to be dry – drink more simple clean water of room temperature water (mineral, spring or melted). Of the physiotherapeutic methods in treatment of dandruff are widely used cryomassage liquid nitrogen and darsonvalization scalp that it is expedient to carry out till infriction keratolytic means.
Cryomassage of scalp causes narrowing of blood vessels with subsequent expansion of capillaries, that greatly enhances the flow of blood to the site of impact, as a result improved the supply of hair bulbs. The remedies inflicted after sessions cryomassage, have a strong impact. Darsonvalization scalp founded on the impact of pulsed sinusoidal currents of the high-frequency and voltage, and low power. Darsonvalization carried with using a pectinate vacuum the electrode, which combs the hair of the smooth movements. This results by irritation of the skin, which causing a reflex effect on circulation of the blood, metabolism and vascular tone. As a result, darsonvalization has anti-inflammatory, resolving, disinfectant and cautery effect.
The folk natural remedies against dandruff
Natural herbal remedies are often very effective in the treatment of dandruff:
- At oily dandruff and loss of the hair helpful lubricate the scalp 2-3 times per week the alcohol tincture of calendula. To the head wrapped with a towel and hold for 30 minutes. Then head wash with warm water.
- The tablespoon of dry powdered nettle pour a glass of boiling water, to insist day, strain. The obtained infusion rubbed into the scalp no less 2 times per week for 2 months. It is best to carry out the procedure for the night, do not rinse the hair.
- Fermented milk products – yogurt, kefir, whey – thickly smear the hair from root to tip, gently rubbing into the scalp. Leave on for 30 minutes, then rinse head the warm water head with mustard (a tablespoon of dry mustard to 1 liter of water). Helps to cope with dandruff the burdock oil. It can be purchased in a pharmacy or prepare themselves: a tablespoon of chopped roots the burdock pour a glass of any vegetable oil, better refined, mix. Infuse the mixture for no fewer 2 weeks in a dark place at room temperature, drain. Rubbed into the scalp for 1 hour before shampooing 2-3 times a week for three months. Most often, as a result of the application, even minimal effort, dandruff goes away. But if the treatment of dandruff does not work for a long time, required mandatory consultation of the doctor – dermatologist.